Relief India Trust is the top NGO in India to provide sanitation and health facilities to the poor. Many people often confused with the terms hygiene and sanitation… The term sanitation and hygiene are often misunderstood. They are not replaceable. Both of them have a different sense and possibility.
Sanitation is the process of providing services for the proper removal of human waste, including toilet facilities and other waste-management systems. Both the terms are different; hygiene is the term for good hygiene and healthy practices that stop the spread of disease. It includes it all from washing one’s hands to cleaning your teeth to properly cook meals.
Sanitation and hygiene have different goals, although they both aim to stop the spread of illness. Hygiene is the practice of maintaining personal cleanliness and limiting the spread of disease by personal behavior. While sanitation is the process of making an environment free from germs
Top NGO in India explains what is Hygiene.
Hygiene is the process of keeping one’s environment clean in order to protect one’s health and stop the spread of disease. The phrase means “an act of health” and is Greek in origin.
Personal hygiene, which is keeping cleanliness throughout your body. It’s crucial to take proper care of your sexual health. This covers personal hygiene in general, such as oral and feminine. The most popular personal hygiene practices include bathing, cleaning your teeth, and handwashing.
In addition to personal hygiene, good food hygiene is essential. Standard food hygiene standards include washing your food, using clean utensils, preparing properly, storing, and reheating. Similar to poor personal hygiene, poor food hygiene raises risk.
Although there are many various facets to hygiene, some of the most crucial ones are as follows:
- Taking regular showers or baths – Washing your hands frequently, especially after using the restroom or handling food
- Threading and brushing your teeth every day
- Putting on fresh clothing and replacing it frequently
- Cleaning your living space and home to avoid the increase of dirt, dust, and other significant health risks
- Preventing direct touch with unwell persons.
Menstrual Hygiene for Girls and Women
Menstrual hygiene is an important aspect of women’s dignity, and it’s their right as well. Even after decades, talking about the menstrual cycle and hygiene is taboo. Many women and girls still hesitate to talk about when they first face menstruation. Relief India Trusttop NGO in India distributed sanitary napkins and pads to girls and educated them about the consequences of not using these.
Many studies have found that poor menstrual hygiene and wearing clothes can lead to reproductive infections and cervical cancer as a result of poor hygiene. It is the fourth most common cancer in the world and is fatal. This affected 27% of women under the age of 40 in India.
For women’s health and wellbeing, maintaining good menstrual hygiene is essential. However, there are a lot of societal taboos and myths around menstruation. Insufficient knowledge of menstruation and unsafe menstrual practice results in poor cleanliness, which raises the risk of genital infections.
In impoverished and underdeveloped nations, poor menstrual hygiene practices go unrecognized and neglected as a public health problem. Therefore, increasing awareness of menstruation hygiene important. Additionally, it’s critical to educate women when they are still young.
What is Sanitation?
The World Health Organization defines sanitation as the right and secure control of human waste, from the toilets to the landfills. An important giver to sickness and death globally, particularly among the young ones, is poor sanitation. In a wider meaning, sanitation also refers to solid waste, animal waste, and organic wastes.
It is important to choose the sanitation technique that works best for you out of the many available options. Personal, food, water, and waste cleanliness are the four basic categories.
Sewers, water systems, and pit latrines are the three most common sanitation technologies. That each type has its own advantages and disadvantages.
The context that it will be used is the most important aspect to take into account. For example, because they can pollute the water, sewer lines are not suggested for locations with high groundwater levels.
The most important thing to keep in mind is that cleanliness is a repeated process rather than a single event. That demand routine update and cleansing to keep it work properly.
.Let’s go through some of the factors that make sanitation and hygiene so crucial
Keeping the family’s health and diseases at Check
Global statistics show that poor hygienic conditions, access to clean water, and malnutrition are major causes of death in developing nations. Our daily lives are impacted in a number of ways by a lack of cleanliness or sanitization. Lack of personal hygiene leads to skin infections, which are unpleasant and spread to other members of the family.
Eating unsafe food has been shown to be one of the main causes of worm infections, even in wealthy nations. People who reside in dilapidated homes get more asthma attacks, fall more frequently, have more mishaps, and are more likely to contract microbiological diseases from germs that are developing in their bathrooms and kitchens.
Considering our mental health
For their emotional health, maintaining good hygiene and sanitation is also important. According to studies, messy surroundings and a lack of organization have linked to mental strain and worry. Because of their close ties, physical and mental health is interdependent and always affects one another. The opposite is also true: a healthy body will support a healthy mind.
Increasing our confidence and self-esteem
Our personality and self-perception are strengthened by sanitation and hygiene. By making sure that our homes, diets, and lifestyles are healthy and hygienic, as well as that we take proper care of our personal hygiene, we are enabled to be the best versions of ourselves. People feel more confident and have a better perception of them as a result.
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